The Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge of the Higher School of Economics analyzed the dynamics of the spread of digital technologies in organizations of the main sectors of the economy and the social sphere over the past five years. Statistical data for 2015–2019 show that organizations that perform various types of economic activities are increasing their digital potential.
- Broadband access. By the beginning of 2020, 86.6% of organizations used broadband Internet (+7.1 since 2015), and one third of organizations used high-speed Internet (30 Mbps and higher). The demand for connection to the Internet has been has been stabilizing since 2018, and the main changes occur in the acceleration of Internet connection speed.
- Cloud services. There is a 1.5-fold increase (from 18.3 to 28.1%) in the number of users of cloud services providing remote access to information resources.
- Automation of business process management. Every fifth organization uses information systems for automatic optimization of enterprise resources, the integration of production and supply and sales operations (ERP, CRM, SCM systems). Compared to 2015, the demand for such systems has increased by one third.
- RFID technology. The technologies of contactless automatic identification of objects using RFID tags are least commonly implemented so far. But in 2019 the annual dynamics exceeded the growth over the 2015–2018 period.
Digital technologies considered in the research are universal in nature and are used in organizations of various types of economic activities. At the same time, industry differentiation in terms of the demand is still high.The leaders are the organizations in telecom and IT industries, creating conditions for the digitalization of other sectors of the economy and the social sphere. The financial sector, trade, manufacturing, hotel business and food service sector also show rather high rates.