In late September, the United States and the United Kingdom had signed a new agreement to cooperate on research and development of artificial intelligence. It provides for the promotion of research in the field of AI, the creation of an ecosystem of developments in this area, as well as opposing the use of such developments by authoritarian-repressive regimes.
The agreement between the United States and Great Britain could potentially negatively affect Russian developers of AI solutions, believes Alexander Tyulkanov of the Skolkovo Foundation. The expert draws attention to the provision of the document that these countries plan to oppose the use of artificial intelligence technologies by "authoritarian-repressive regimes."
Alexander Korobkov, CEO of Macroscop, believes that "cooperation at the state level can potentially become a support for certain market players, as well as introduce a number of restrictions for others." However, he emphasizes that for an objective assessment of the situation, it is necessary to know the context and details of this agreement, which have not yet been published.
This kind of agreement will not become a barrier to the export of Russian solutions, says Oleg Kivokurtsev, co-founder of Promobot. He believes that this is primarily about fundamental research in the field of artificial intelligence, and this kind of international research groups is a frequent practice, as a result of which, thanks to the difference in the approaches of scientists, unique solutions appear.
In August, the Concept for the Regulation of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics until 2024 (hereinafter - the Concept) was approved in Russia. Alexander Tyulkanov from the Skolkovo Foundation was among the developers of the concept. According to him, the authors of this document, among other things, proceeded from the need to defend Russia's interests in the field of AI at the international level.
Andrei Neznamov from Sberbank, who also participated in the development of the Concept, also recalls that this is not the first case of local unification of countries for the development of AI, but it cannot be said that the declarations gave any special impetus, the expert says. Meanwhile, Neznamov emphasizes that such agreements are beneficial to the development of technologies.
All this is consonant with the opinion of Vladimir Averbakh from Sberbank. Speaking at CIPR-2020 as part of the session "What will be the development of artificial intelligence in Russia?", the expert noted that one of the new trends now is the international regulation of AI. The topic of AI and the question of the operation of autonomous systems is raised everywhere, including Council of Europe, UNESCO, Averbach noted. According to him, Russia does not have much time to declare itself on the international artificial intelligence arena.
The Central Bank of the Russian Federation
Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation